The order of the Saint Andrew Society of Hawaii was designed to be worn by our members at any Scottish functions. Each part of our order has a significant connection to Scotland.
The white cross on the blue field is the Cross of Saint Andrew (known as the Saltire). The Saltire is Scotland's official national flag. It was first hoisted in 1512, and is believed to be one of the oldest flags in the world still used today. But, how it came to Scotland is lost in myth. The legend behind the flag of Scotland takes place in 832 AD. It's said the night before the Pictish King Angus MacFergus, led his forces into battle against the English King Aethelstans' army of Angles and Saxons, King Angus had a vision or dream. In this vision, he saw St. Andrew and was promised triumph in battle. Early the next morning Angus' troops were awestruck by the sight of clouds forming a huge white Saltire cross shining against the background of a bright blue sky. This 'omen' led the Scottish troops to victory and the Saltire found it's place in Scottish history.
The "Lion Rampant" is the Royal Standard of the King or Queen of Scots and is referred to as the "Royal Flag of Scotland." Historians believe that the "Lion Rampant" was first adopted by King William I (aka 'William the Lion') from 1143 - 1214 AD, as part of the design of his heraldic banners and flags used in battle. At this time, it may have been called "The Lion of Bravery." The same symbol was also used by King Richard I of England (aka 'Richard the Lion Heart') later in the 12th century. The "Lion Rampant" was eventually adopted as the Scottish Royal Coat of Arms and incorporated into the Great Seal of Scotland. The "Lion Rampant" refers to the positioning of the lion showing a lion's profile with the lion standing upright on hind legs, its forelegs raised, claws unsheathed, as if to strike. The fierce and battle-strewn history of Scotland makes this the perfect symbol of Scottish pride.
The Unicorn symbolizes the mystical and powerful Unicorn of Scotland, the country's National Animal. In Celtic mythology, the Unicorn of Scotland symbolizes innocence and purity, healing powers, joy, and even life itself. The Unicorn has also been seen as a symbol displaying masculinity, power, fierceness, boldness, pride, intelligence, beauty, and courageousness. It is not quite clear where the Unicorn first appeared in Scottish heraldry, but one of the earliest examples is seen in the Royal Coat of Arms at Rothesay Castle believed carved before the 15th century. Before England and Scotland came under joint rule, Scotland's Coat of Arms featured two Unicorns supporting a shield. The Unicorn often is shown with chains wrapped around him. This is a "nod" to the medieval belief the Unicorn was a dangerous animal. To a country as bold, fierce, and proud as Scotland, one that was fighting for independence from many "oppressors", this was the perfect choice as the National Animal and appears on many Scottish heraldic symbols. Although note ours is unchained, so be prepared for surprises!
The Lion Rampant and the Unicorn side by side on our order represents the Royal Coat of Arms of Great Britain.
The order is worn on a leather strap, as opposed to a gold chain, as a reminder of our humble origins. This is similar to the leather strap circling most clan crest badges, where the leather symbolizes membership in the clan and allegiance to the clan chief.
The red banner represents the blood that Scottish people have spilled fighting throughout history for their country's independence. And, the "Hawaii" on the banner separates our society from other Saint Andrew Societies around the world.
© 1989 - 2016 The Saint Andrew Society of Hawaii